Congress wants NASA to build a deep space habitat by 2018

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With more money comes more responsibility, and following the news that Congress will be increasing NASA’s budget by $1.3 billion in 2016, it appears that $55 million of that budget has to be used to develop a deep space habitat for astronauts to use during future exploration missions of Mars. That’s only a small piece of the agency’s $19.3 billion budget, but it has about two years to actually develop a working prototype of the habitat, and it must report on the status of the project in a little less than six months. This shouldn’t be too difficult, however, and NASA has already started working with Bigelow Aerospace, Boeing, and Orbital ATK to explore possible designs for the habitat. 

Mars, here we come. NASA celebrated news of an unexpected windfall earlier this month when after years of penny-pinching, Congress announced it would increase the space agency’s budget by $1.3 billion in 2016. Now it’s emerged that a chunk of that money has been earmarked to help bolster the agency’s plans for a Martian mission. As Popular Science noted, Congress directed NASA to use $55 million of its $19.3 billion budget to begin building a deep space habitat that will house astronauts during future exploratory missions to the red planet. Congress gave the agency until 2018 to develop a decent prototype model of the “habitation module.” NASA must also produce a report on the status of the program in 180 days. NASA said it hopes to launch a crewed mission to Mars by the 2030s, and to begin cislunar (between Earth and the moon) testing of a workable habitat by the 2020s. As SpaceNews noted, the agency has already started working with companies like Bigelow Aerospace, Boeing and Orbital ATK to study habitat designs. The new funding and directive from Congress, however, “could force NASA to speed up” these plans. NASA’s habitation module may “shape deep space travel for dozens of decades,” wrote Yahoo! Tech. For now, though, very little is known about the habitat, including its requirements and how it will be built.

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